Note: This is taken from the Chicken Wiki, where a more recent version could be available.
The uri-generic library contains procedures for parsing and manipulation of Uniform Resource Identifiers (RFC 3986). It is intended to conform more closely to the RFC, and uses combinator parsing and character classes rather than regular expressions.
This library should be considered to be a basis for creating scheme-specific URI parser libraries. This library only parses the generic components from a URI. Any specific library can further parse subcomponents. For this reason, encoding and decoding of percent-encoded characters is not done automatically. This should be handled by specific URI scheme implementations.
As specified in section 2.3 of RFC 3986, URI constructors automatically decode percent-encoded octets in the range of unreserved characters. This means that the following holds true:
(equal? (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo-bar") (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo%2Dbar")) => #t
<procedure>(uri-reference STRING) ⇒ URI</procedure>
A URI reference is either a URI or a relative reference (RFC 3986, Section 4.1). If the given string's prefix does not match the syntax of a scheme followed by a colon separator, then the given string is parsed as a relative reference.
<procedure>(uri-reference? URI) ⇒ BOOL</procedure>
Is the given object a URI reference? All objects created by URI-generic constructors are URI references; they are either URIs or relative references. The constructors below are just more strict checking versions of uri-reference. They all create URI references.
<procedure>(absolute-uri STRING) ⇒ URI</procedure>
Parses the given string as an absolute URI, in which no fragments are allowed. If no URI scheme is found, or a fragment is detected, this raises an error.
Absolute URIs are defined by RFC 3986 as non-relative URI references without a fragment (RFC 3986, Section 4.2). Absolute URIs can be used as a base URI to resolve a relative-ref against, using uri-relative-to (see below).
<procedure>(absolute-uri? URI) ⇒ BOOL</procedure>
Is the given object an absolute URI?
<procedure>(uri? URI) ⇒ BOOL</procedure>
Is the given object a URI? URIs are all URI references that include a scheme part. The other type of URI references are relative references.
<procedure>(relative-ref? URI) ⇒ BOOL</procedure>
Is the given object a relative reference? Relative references are defined by RFC 3986 as URI references which are not URIs; they contain no URI scheme and can be resolved against an absolute URI to obtain a complete URI using uri-relative-to.
If a component is not defined in the given URI, then the corresponding accessor returns #f.
Update the specified keys in the URI or URI-AUTH object in a functional way (ie, it creates a new copy with the modifications).
<procedure>(uri→string URI USERINFO) ⇒ STRING</procedure>
Reconstructs the given URI into a string; uses a supplied function LAMBDA USERNAME PASSWORD -> STRING to map the userinfo part of the URI
<procedure>(uri→list URI USERINFO) ⇒ LIST</procedure>
Returns a list of the form (SCHEME SPECIFIC FRAGMENT); SPECIFIC is of the form (AUTHORITY PATH QUERY).
<procedure>(uri-relative-to URI URI) ⇒ URI</procedure>
Resolve the first URI as a reference relative to the second URI, returning a new URI (RFC 3986, Section 5.2.2).
<procedure>(uri-relative-from URI URI) ⇒ URI</procedure>
Constructs a new, possibly relative, URI which represents the location of the first URI with respect to the second URI.
<examples> <example> <init>(use uri-generic)</init> <expr>(uri→string (uri-relative-to (uri-reference "../qux") (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo/bar/")))</expr> <result>"http://example.com/foo/qux"</result> </example> <example> <init>(use uri-generic)</init> <expr>(uri→string (uri-relative-from (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo/qux") (uri-reference "http://example.com/foo/bar/")))</expr> <result>"../qux"</result> </example> </examples>
<procedure>(uri-encode-string STRING [CHAR-SET]) ⇒ STRING</procedure>
Returns the percent-encoded form of the given string. The optional char-set argument controls which characters should be encoded. It defaults to the complement of char-set:uri-unreserved. This is always safe, but often overly careful; it is allowed to leave certain characters unquoted depending on the context.
<procedure>(uri-decode-string STRING [CHAR-SET]) ⇒ STRING</procedure>
Returns the decoded form of the given string. The optional char-set argument controls which characters should be decoded. It defaults to char-set:full.
<procedure>(uri-normalize-case URI) ⇒ URI</procedure>
URI case normalization (RFC 3986 section 22.214.171.124)
<procedure>(uri-normalize-path-segments URI) ⇒ URI</procedure>
URI path segment normalization (RFC 3986 section 126.96.36.199)
As a convenience for sub-parsers or other special-purpose URI handling code, there are a couple of character sets exported by uri-generic.
gen-delims = ":" / "/" / "?" / "#" / "[" / "]" / "@"
sub-delims = "!" / "$" / "&" / "'" / "(" / ")" / "*" / "+" / "," / ";" / "="
The union of gen-delims and sub-delims; all reserved URI characters.
reserved = gen-delims / sub-delims
All unreserved characters that are allowed in a URI.
unreserved = ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "." / "_" / "~"
Note that this is _not_ the complement of char-set:uri-reserved! There are several characters (even printable, noncontrol characters) which are not allowed at all in a URI.
Copyright 2008-2009 Ivan Raikov, Peter Bex. All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Neither the name of the author nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.